INRA

Integrative biology analysis and modelling of the influence of host and gut microbiota factors on the piglet sensitivity at weaning

The postdoctoral fellow will join the interdiscisciplinary project PIGLETBIOTA funded by ANR. The main goal of PIGLETBIOTA is to develop research that will contribute to adapt pig production systems to a reduction of antibiotics usage. The project aims at providing knowledge on the implication of host’s genetics and gut microbiota in the adaptive response of piglets to weaning.

Towards virtual breeding: development of an approach of ideotype design based on a genotype-phenotype kinetic model of sugar metabolism in peach fruit

Genotype-phenotype models have been considered as the tools of the future to design new varieties, since they can help to test the performance of new genotypes under different climate conditions. However progress is still needed to include complex genetic control in process-based models and realize the integration of information (metabolism, enzymatic control, quantitative genetics) from the gene to the whole plant. A kinetic model of sugar metabolism has been developed to simulate the concentrations of different sugars during fruit development in peach (publication in preparation).

BF2I

Acronyme ou nom de la structure
Nom complet (en toutes lettres)
Atelier de Bioinformatique
Adresse

INSA Bâtiment Louis Pasteur
20 avenue Albert Einstein

69621 Villeurbanne cedex
France

Téléphone
+33 (0)4 72 43 83 56
Fax
+33 (0)4 72 43 85 34
Description (English)

Research at BF2I is focused on the comprehension of the functions managing the interaction of specific insect pests (aphids and weevils) with their direct biological partners (host plants and symbiotic microorganisms). Research approaches are multi-disciplinary thanks to the different expertise of the staff members.

The central theme of our research is to understand the relationships established between insects and their symbionts elucidating the molecular mechanisms that allow the establishment, maintenance and persistence of these complex interactions in multiple insect generations.

The final goal of research on these complex biological interactions, often involving multiple partners in interaction with the environment, is to identify tools and define new concepts for an integrated approach for plant protection against insect pests. Our research results are to be central for the development of agricultural practices that are sustainable, and respect both the environment and human health.

English keywords
symbiosis, insect pests, functional genomics, systems biology
SFBI
Membre de la SFBI

Unité de Nutrition Humaine UMR1019

Acronyme ou nom de la structure
Nom complet (en toutes lettres)
ActivCollector: plateforme de collecte et de traitement des données de recherche clinique
Adresse

Unité de Nutrition Humaine UMR1019 CRNH d'Auvergne
63009 Clermont-Ferrand
France

Téléphone
04 73 62 46 79
Fax
04 73 62 47 55
Description (English)

The Human Nutrition Unit UMR 1019 has conceived  ActivCollector : a collaborative system to collect, treat and store data of clinical research. The architecture of this system has been developped with computer scientits. The choice of an open architecture allows novel developments.

The current Web Plateform is composed of 6 modules: project management, users' management, questionnaires, professional web pages, internal messaging and two smartphone applications. The two mobile applications allow studying physical activity  and food choice behaviors (EmouveRecherche http://goo.gl/SHQ0D7 and NutriQuantic) in free-living conditions. From algorithmic treatment of accelerometry data, eMouveRecherche assesses time spent in sedentary posture or in activities of different intensity and the daily energy expenditure of normal-weight or overweight people. NutriQuantic allows to calculate a score of compliance to nutritional guidelines according to the food consumption frequency.

 

 

English keywords
energy expenditure,food intake, body composition, human health, modeling, prediction
SFBI
Membre de la SFBI