Stage · Stage M2  · 6 mois    Autre   INRAE · BORDEAUX (France)  Standard INRAE, ca. 600 EUR/month

 Date de prise de poste : 1 février 2022


adaptation negative selection tree genomics


Genetic basis of local adaptation of Maritime pine in Corsica

Nom et contact des encadrants: Santiago González Martínez (INRAE, UMR Biogeco), Rosalía Piñeiro (INRAE, UMR Biogeco),

Laboratoire d'accueil: UMR Biogeco Lieu du stage: INRAE, UMR Biogeco, 69 route d’Arcachon, 33600 Cestas

Contexte scientifique et objectifs:This Master subject aims to conduct research proposed in the project “Tree fitness in a changing world: making use of genomic resources to increase forest and fruit tree productivity and resilience”. This project is funded by the INRAE department ECODIV, and developed in collaboration with Myriam Heuertz (INRAE, UMR Biogeco) and Ivan Scotti (INRAE, URFM).

Understanding the mechanisms of adaptation of trees to their environment is crucial for preserving forests in the face of global warming. Most studies on forest trees to date focus on signatures of positive selection, i.e., the role of advantageous genetic variants in increased tree growth and survival. In contrast to previous studies, this Master project will test the role of negative selection, i.e., whether fewer disadvantageous genetic variants result in better-adapted plants. The importance of negative selection has been highlighted by theoretical models but empirical evidence is scarce and constrained mostly to humans and a few model organisms. Here we extend the study of negative selection to natural populations of a forest tree.

The Maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Aiton) is an iconic conifer of great ecological and economic importance. In Corsica it has wild populations living in contrasting environments, which constitutes an ideal case study for analysing adaptation. The main goal of this Master thesis is to study the processes involved in the local adaptation of the Maritime pine across contrasting environments in Corsica. The knowledge of the dynamics of deleterious mutations will be an innovative way to inform breeding programmes in situ and ex situ conservation strategies of this important pine tree.

The candidate will make use of available data on genome-wide polymorphisms across environmental clines in P. pinaster in Corsica. A sample of 30 populations (c.a. 500 trees) covering the full distribution of the species on the island has been sequenced by the host lab using gene capture methods (3 Mbp). Annotations in ggf format based on the reference genome of the close relative P. taeda have been also recently produced. For the same individual trees, estimates of survival, growth and phenology have been measured. The core of this proposal relies on bioinformatics skills in order to estimate selection estimates from the genetic data and identify which factors drive differences across populations and environments.

Software will include:





Informations additionnelles: For further information on the project and available genetic data, please send an email to the supervisors (we communicate fluently in French, too).

Montant de la gratification: Standard INRAE, ca. 600 EUR/month.

Exigences particulières: Interest in forests and plant evolution. The candidate will gain experience in bioinformatics analysis and population genetics of genome-wide DNA sequences. Date limite de candidature, date de retour sur les candidatures: Applications will be examined until a suitable candidate is found.


Procédure : contacter s'il vous plait : et

Date limite : None


Santiago González Martínez et Rosalía Piñeiro

Offre publiée le 22 décembre 2021, affichage jusqu'au 19 février 2022